High throughput screening assays are applied in drug and food research where large number of components is tested in parallel. Usually, the high throughput screening is applied in vitro or ex vivo, which means in isolated human or cultured samples. Robotics are often applied for fast screening methods, and complex data analytics for interpretation of high number of data collected.

An example of a high troughput technology are sequencing technologies, such as microbiome profiling using sequencing technologies, or whole genome sequencing, allowing for generation of large volumes of data, requiring expert opinion on biological interpretation hereof.